Health and Fitness

How To Choose The Right Sunscreen For Your Skin Type

How to choose the right sunscreen

Sunscreens protect you from sun damage. However, there are a lot of myths that you need to be aware of when choosing the right sunscreen for your skin type.

PHOTO: Pixabay

Let’s bust all those myths about sunscreen. There’s a lot of myths we need to address and clarify, as well as just pointing out some things that you guys need to be aware of when you choose the right sunscreen for your skin type.

Myth #1: I have a fair skin, I get sunburns more easily, so I should get a higher SPF sunscreen.

The light or the fair your skin means that you are more susceptible to sunburn than you are if you are a darker skin. However, it doesn’t mean that using a higher SPF means that you’re going to get more protected because the number behind the SPF does not indicate the amount of protection you’re going to get. It only indicates the amount of time you need to reapply.

Also, I want to mention here that if you have darker skin, you are less likely to be sunburned than if you have a light or fair skin and that has to do with the amount of melanin in the skin type itself.

Myth #2: The higher the SPF, the stronger the protection.

The number behind the SPF, as mentioned earlier, is an indication of how many minutes you need to reapply. Scientifically, it has been proven that it takes about ten minutes before your skin starts to burn. So, the number is multiplied by ten minutes.

In some other countries, it could be fifteen minutes but let’s just be safe and go with the lower number. So for example, if you apply something that has an SPF 20, then twenty multiplied by ten is two hundred minutes before you have to reapply, and that also applies to you if you are using SPF 15, 40, 50, or whatever it is.

Myth #3: Applying different SPF products adds up for a longer protection.

Would this also mean that when you put on sunscreen, for example, a moisturizer with SPF 20 and a foundation that has SPF 40, and then a powder that has SPF 30, you can add SPF 20 plus SPF 30 plus SPF 40 then you get ninety minutes of sun protection? Well, NO. it doesn’t work like that. It doesn’t add up that way. You just actually have to pick out the one with the highest SPF number and multiply that by ten minutes. So in that case, it would be the SPF 40. Forty multiplied by ten is four hundred minutes.

Myth #4: Wearing something with SPF at night protects your skin from UV at home.

There are a lot of beauty consultants who recommend that you should be wearing sunscreen at night time. However, that is the biggest NO-NO. Another logic or truth behind the recommendation of wearing sunscreen at night time is the presence of lights at home that can emit UVA and UVB rays. However, I don’t think it’s necessary to use SPF at night time because of two reasons. One is you should be using a moisturizer or a serum that works on a deeper level to rejuvenate and heal the skin as you sleep.

Sunscreen is something that you apply to the top of your skin and only sits on the surface. So when you apply something on the top of your surface, nothing gets absorbed and it can cause you to have oily or clogged pores at night time. If you have acne or if you have acne-prone skin, then it would be highly recommended to not to use SPF at night time.

Myth #5: Applying sunscreen before swimming is good enough.

You should definitely choose a water-resistant sunscreen if you are someone who goes out swimming or if you sweat a lot. However, water-resistant does not equate to waterproof. Some sun rays are reflected off by water, but some still pass through it. Water resistant sunscreens tend to last up to forty minutes under the sun or some really high ones will last up to eighty minutes. But, you still need to reapply after that specific amount of time.

Myth #6: You can apply a sunscreen to a baby.

Babies should use baby-specific sunscreen because those sunscreens have less and fewer products that will actually irritate the skin. nowadays, a lot of sunscreens have added chemicals, parabens, fragrances, preservatives, and those can irritate sensitive or baby’s skin type. Therefore, make sure that you use an infant or baby sunscreen specifically for babies. Any children or any baby under the age of six months should not be in the sun at all.

Myth #7: There are specific sunscreens for sensitive skin.

If you have sensitive skin, there are definitely sunscreens targeted for your skin type as well. there’s no big difference between sensitive sunscreen and regular sunscreen. The biggest difference is that it has fewer ingredients, for example, preservatives like parabens, fragrances, so on and so forth. The two most important ingredients that you need in sunscreen is zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.

Myth #8: Applying sunscreen everywhere is good enough.

Just because you have sunscreen on doesn’t mean that you are fully protected. You should definitely be wearing sunglasses, a hat, or a clothing that covers your shoulders. Also, try to be in the shade as much as you can. Do not be out and exposed to the sun for like hours and hours.

Myth #9: Sunscreen gives me breakouts.   

Sunscreen does not cause breakouts. This is probably the biggest myth. Everyone says they don’t like to wear sunscreen because it’s so oily that it makes their skin breakout. There are definitely specific sunscreens targeted for acne-prone skin which usually has fewer oils, fewer emollients, fewer parabens, fewer fragrances, or less other products that might irritate the skin especially alcohol. However, the only reason why it causes breakout is because you don’t wash off at the end of the day. Because the sunscreen is on top of the skin, it’s not allowing anything to penetrate through or come out. So, make sure that you remove not only your sunscreen but also your make-up well.

Sunscreens are going to protect you from the sun’s ray and the sun damage. However, it might not certainly protect you from tanning or be going a bit darker. So, it’s normal to be slightly darker than you are if you are under the sun for an hour. But, you are still protected from sun damage if you have sunscreen on. I can’t stress enough how important it is to wear sunscreen. The damage from the sun to your skin is irreversible and sometimes, you might not notice it straightaway. Also, you might want to know how these eight surprising mistakes destroy your skin. Well, it’s better to take good care of your skin now than regret later.

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